March 22nd, 2018 The Loved Ones Desk Uncategorized
Macular degeneration occurs when the central area of the retina in the eye starts to deteriorate. This area is called the macula and controls visual acuity. The macula’s health determines an individual’s ability to watch television, read, dive, use a computer, recognize faces and perform all visual tasks where fine detail is necessary.
There are numerous factors contributing to this disease. Some researchers believe there is a genetic component although the disease is most often associated with aging. The disease is most prominent among females, whites and certain families.
Additional risk factors include high blood pressure, a relative with AMD, obesity, lighter eye colors and high levels of dietary fat. Advanced forms of this disease are almost double in patients who are overweight.
The risk of developing the disease is lowered with vigorous activities three times each week. Smoking additionally presents a higher risk of developing this condition. There is no evidence at this time, but scientists believe the pigment in darker eyes is not present in individuals with lighter eyes and skin. This means an important factor to protects eyes from the sun may be missing.
There is no cure for this condition. There are treatments that may improve vision and slow the progression. The treatments are dependent on the if the disease is in the advanced or early stage and whether it is wet or dry. Nutritional intervention has been shown to help prevent the wet form of this disease. The FDA has approved the drugs Visudyne, Macugen, Eylea, and Lucentis. When they are used with Photodynamic Therapy they can prevent the growth of abnormal blood vessels. A significant number of individuals have experienced improved vision with Lucentis.
When macular degeneration is left untreated it becomes an extremely serious threat to the vision. Do not wait until the disease has advanced to the point of treatments becoming ineffective. Contact an eye care professional today.